Consistent Poverty Rates

What is Consistent Poverty?

The term consistent poverty describes someone whose income is below the relative/at risk of poverty threshold and who cannot afford at least two of the eleven deprivation indicators. The relative or at-risk of poverty threshold represents an income of less than 60% of the national median (middle) annual income. In 2013 the national median (middle) income was €17,374 making the at risk of poverty threshold €10,425 (a decrease of over 16% since 2008).

The 11 deprivation indicators are:

  1. Two pairs of strong shoes
  2. A warm waterproof overcoat
  3. Buy new not second hand clothes
  4. Eat meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day
  5. Have a roast joint or its equivalent once a week
  6. Had to go without heating during the last year through lack of money
  7. Keep the home adequately warm
  8. Buy presents for family or friends at least once a year
  9. Replace any worn out furniture
  10. Have family or friends for a drink or meal once a month
  11. Have a morning, afternoon or evening out in the last fortnight for entertainment.

The Irish Government adopted a ‘national social target for poverty reduction which is “to reduce consistent poverty to 4 per cent by 2016 (interim target) and to 2 per cent or less by 2020, from the 2010 baseline rate of 6.2 per cent”.

Consistent Poverty in Ireland

  • The percentage of Irish people living in consistent poverty in 2013 was 8.2%, up from 4.2% in 2008.
  • The consistent poverty rate for the unemployed in 2013 was 23.9%, up from 9.7% in 2008.
  • Children remain the most vulnerable age group with 11.7% living in consistent poverty in 2013.
  • Consistent poverty in single parent households continues to rise increasing from 17.8% in 2008 to 23% in 2013.

Poverty and Socio-Demographic Characteristics

While prior to the crisis overall at-risk of poverty rates had been consistently decreasing, between 2009 and 2012 these figures increased to 16.5% before falling to 15.2% in 2013. However, consistent poverty has risen from 4.2% in 2008 to 8.2% in 2013 and material deprivation from 13.7% to a shocking 30.5% of households in 2013. Household composition and socio-demographic characteristics, however, maintained a very significant influence on the risk of poverty. The Central Statistics Office has devised a series of indicators that are considered significant in determining whether a person is in consistent poverty such as age, employment status, number of dependents, level of education and tenure status.

In 2013 the consistent poverty rates for single parents, people with lower levels of education, children, those who are unemployed and those renting accommodation at below the market rate remained consistently high. There has been an increase over time in the consistent poverty rate of those at work from 1.1% in 2008 to 2% in 2013.

It is important to remember that the longer a person remains at risk of poverty, the more likely they will be considered to be in consistent poverty.

Consistent Poverty Rates by Demographic Characteristics and Year

* Sample size is too small for estimation.

Consistent Poverty Rate 2008 %

Consistent Poverty Rate 2013 %

Sex
Male 4.0 8.0
Female 4.5 8.5
Age Group
0 – 17 6.3 11.7
18 – 64 3.9 8.0
65 + 1.0 1.9
Principal Economic Status (aged 16 years and over)
At Work 1.1 2.0
Unemployed 9.7 23.9
Student 4.3 15.2
Home Duties 6.9 9.4
Retired 1.1 1.7
Not at Work due to Illness or Disability 13.2 10.8
Highest education level attained (aged 16 years and over)
Primary or Below 8.0 8.4
Lower Secondary 4.9 14.0
Higher Secondary 2.5 6.6
Post Leaving Cert 1.7 9.7
Third Level Non-Degree 0.8 4.4
Third Level Degree or Above 0.3 1.5
Numbers of People at Work
0 13.2 20.1
1 3.1 6.5
2 0.9 0.7
3+ * *
Tenure Status
Owner Occupied 2.3 5.2
Rented at the market rate 2.9 8.8
Rented at below the market rate or rent free 16.4 22.9
Urban/rural location
Urban areas 4.2 6.6
Rural areas 4.3 10.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statistics Office Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) 2012.

Find the full report on Central Statistics Office website: www.cso.ie